According to the World Health Organisation, the number of people with diabetes has nearly quadrupled, rising from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014, with Type 2 accounting for 90% of all cases. Its prevalence and burden of disease have been rising worldwide, mainly due to obesity and lack of physical activity.
It is currently the eighth leading cause of death in the world and it is expected to become the seventh by 2030. In 2012, it was the direct cause of 1.5 million deaths.
According to official figures, there are 4.3 million of people with diagnosed type 2 diabetes in Russia. Experts assume that the real number of potential patients is more than 8 million of people. Moreover, it is known that 20% of Russians live in a pre-diabetes health condition.